The Estonian heavy draught horse breed was bred on the basis of a local horse by continuous crossing with Ardennes stallions. The family tree was founded in 1922. Until 1953, the breed was called the Estonian Ardennes. From 28 August 1953, the breed was designated as an Estonian heavy transport breed. On the initiative of the member of the Academy A. Middendorf, the first Belgian Ardennes (10 mares and 2 stallions) were introduced to Estonia and kept at the horse farm Tori. The end of the 19th and 20th centuries was determined by the uncoordinated import action and use of stallions by landowners
- More than a thousand kilometers from here once lay Trakehnen. The stud farm in former East Prussia was famous for its horses. Graceful and noble, at the same time robust and powerful, the best reputation preceded them. People came from near and far to the oft-quoted “sanctuary”, the “paradise of the horses”. The stud farm was considered a model farm for horse breeding and agriculture. Those who spoke of Trakehnen did so with admiration and respect. The agricultural land fed the 3000 inhabitants and the more than 1000 horses. There was a separate village with school, post office, hospital and pharmacy. The Trakehner proved themselves in front of ploughs and wagons, under the saddle of soldiers and as riding horses, which achieved sporting success at home and abroad.
Then what hardly anyone thought possible for a long time happened: the flight in the Second World War without return. Once in Trakehnen In old stories of former residents, Trakehnen is described as a huge park in which the numerous buildings – mainly made of red brick – were embedded. Around 1900, Trakehnen received this park-like character, which the then director Burchard von Oettingen had created. He turned Trakehnen into a model stud farm, which was also the destination of tourists from all over the world in the 1920s and 1930s. Groves and bush islands, gardens, ponds and gnarled oak avenues made the grounds an ornament. Not to forget the extensive paddocks where the horses grazed in the summer.
- For this noble breed there is also a home in Estonia. With a lot of love and professional competence, this noble breed continues to be bred under the experienced hand of Peep Puna. In trusting cooperation with the Trakehner Verband Neumünster, the young horses are examined annually!
The breeding of the Tori horse was developed between 1890 and 1950 in the Tori district of Pärnu. This breed was founded by the stallion Hetman. He came to the kennel as Norfolk Roadster Junction (b. 1886) from Poland. Then the first desired results were achieved with a strong, large body and strong legs, but to an open and lively horse – warm-blooded horses, which also met the farmers as well as the horse friend (“Tori Horse”) breeding I “, p. 45). Many of Hetman’s descendants have been honored at international exhibitions. In addition, many of his descendants were on the farms. Hetman’s skeleton is preserved and can be seen in the Estonian Agricultural Museum in Ülenurme.
Race description.The Arabic thoroughbred is bred in the Arabian Peninsula and used purebred throughout its history. The population of Estonian-Arab horses has developed since the 1970s with Arab mares and stallions imported from Russia and their descendants. Since 2005, horses have been imported from Lithuania, Germany, Finland, Austria and the Netherlands. Arabic Thoroughbred is a horse registered in a herd book or register of Arabian horses accepted by the WAHO.
The Estonian horse lives as long in Estonian areas as the Estonians themselves. It belongs to the Nordwald horses and is one of the few that are still almost unchanged to this day. This means that the Estonian horse has adapted to life in the Nordic climate. In Estonia, in a suitable and sufficiently large rural area, it can be managed freely without the help of one person. The first documented attempts to improve the Estonian natives date from the foundation of tori Stud in Tori Pärnu County. Here the originally native was selectively bred.